More on the “can’t go down the up escalator” metaphor

Rich Levinson

May 18, 2021

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Diagrammatic Proof of NS-Capture

In the diagrammatic proof diagram:

  • The “up escalator” is column 3.
  • The “down escalator is column 4.

The reason column 3 is an “up escalator” is because the system represented in the cells of column 3 is a binary system where accretion is force that is causing the neutron star pulsar component of the binary system to spin-up by accreting material from its binary companion.

The reason column 4 is a “down escalator” is because the system represented in the cells of column 4 is an isolated pulsar system where emission of electromagnetic radiation in the form of pulses is the force that is causing the isolated pulsar to spin-down.

The reason the cells in columns 3 and 4 are green is to emphasize that these are observed states of the spin-up process in column 3 and the observed process in column 4.

By contrast, existing supernova theory that says a supernova explosion of one member of a a pair of ordinary giant stars in a binary system in cell (row 1, col 1) creates a neutron star pulsar, which we call NS-Creation theory (represented by the dark blue icons in column 1 and column 2 for creation of a binary pulsar), and effectively introduces a fast spinning pulsar in cell (1,2) in a binary system with a giant companion.

In order for the binary in cell (1,2) to be a progenitor for the x-ray binaries as observed in cell (row 4, col 3), it must evolve down column 2. In other words it must go down the up escalator. The reason column 2 is an up escalator is because it is a binary system and accretion from the companion will only allow the pulsar to spin-up. It cannot spin down.

That is the reason why we must introduce NS-Capture Theory (represented by the red icons in column 3 and column 4), which occurs in cell (row 5, col 3) which introduces a non-spinning neutron star in a binding collision to create the initial conditions for Be X-ray binaries, which are represented by the slow spinning-up pulsars with ordinary companion as shown in cell (4,3).

NS-Capture Theory is basically columns 3 and 4 of the diagrammatic proof diagram where column 3 contains the progenitors for column 4, where column 4 basically represents the behavior observed in the conventional P/P-dot diagram.

Note: The light blue icons in column 5 and column 4 are used to represent NS-Creation Theory for creation of a fast spinning isolated pulsar from a supernova explosion. NS-Capture Theory renders this process unnecessary since it uses one single process to create a slow-spinning binary pulsar which then evolves into a fast-spinning binary pulsar that subsequently causes the companion to explode in a supernova explosion.


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